India’s Green Hydrogen Revolution: Fueling the Future with Clean Energy

Executive Summary:

The Interim Budget 2024-25 reaffirms India’s commitment to a sustainable future by reemphasizing its focus on green hydrogen. Building on last year’s announcement of the National Green Hydrogen Mission, the budget reiterates the ambitious target of producing 5 million metric tonnes of renewable hydrogen annually by 2030. This strategic initiative has the potential to transform various sectors, including transportation, refining, and fertilizers, contributing significantly to India’s clean energy ambitions.

Why Green Hydrogen?

Green hydrogen, produced through electrolysis powered by renewable energy sources like solar and wind, offers a unique solution to decarbonize various sectors:


Hydrogen fuel cells can power electric vehicles with zero tailpipe emissions, addressing air pollution concerns and potentially surpassing the range and performance of battery-electric vehicles in some applications. 


Green hydrogen can be blended with natural gas or used to produce clean fuels like synthetic diesel, reducing the carbon footprint of the refining industry.


Traditional ammonia production, used in fertilizers, is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Green hydrogen offers a cleaner alternative for ammonia production, contributing to sustainable agriculture.

The National Green Hydrogen Mission

The mission outlines a comprehensive roadmap to achieve the ambitious 2030 target:

Policy and regulatory framework

Establishing clear policies and regulations to incentivize green hydrogen production and adoption.

Research and development

Supporting research and development initiatives to improve hydrogen production efficiency and reduce costs.

Infrastructure development

Investing in building hydrogen production facilities, storage, and transportation infrastructure. 

Demand creation

Implementing policies and programmes to stimulate demand for green hydrogen across various sectors.

Benefits and Opportunities

This ambitious mission presents exciting opportunities for various stakeholders:


Green hydrogen can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to climate change mitigation and improved air quality.

Energy security

Dependence on imported fossil fuels decreases, enhancing energy independence and promoting a cleaner energy mix.

Job creation

The green hydrogen industry has the potential to create millions of new jobs across various sectors.

Technology providers

Developers of hydrogen production, storage, and utilization technologies will see increased demand.


The mission presents significant investment opportunities in the green hydrogen ecosystem.

Challenges and Solutions

While the potential is immense, some challenges need to be addressed:

Cost competitiveness

Currently, green hydrogen is more expensive than traditional fossil fuels. Technological advancements and economies of scale are crucial to bringing down costs.

Infrastructure development

Expanding the production, storage, and transportation infrastructure for hydrogen is required.

Regulatory framework

Streamlining regulations and providing clear incentives for green hydrogen production and adoption is essential.

Technological Solutions from Oracle in the Green Hydrogen Journey

Optimizing Production with Cloud and AI (Oracle Cloud Infrastructure & Oracle Analytics):

Leveraging Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) and Oracle Analytics, companies can optimize green hydrogen production processes. OCI provides a secure and scalable platform for running AI and machine learning (ML) models that can analyze data from electrolysers and renewable energy sources to identify inefficiencies and suggest improvements. This can lead to increased production efficiency and reduced costs.

Blockchain for Supply Chain Transparency (Oracle Blockchain Platform)

The Oracle Blockchain Platform can ensure transparency and traceability throughout the green hydrogen supply chain. This can build trust and consumer confidence in the green credentials of hydrogen produced. By tracking the origin of renewable energy used and the production process, consumers and businesses can be assured they are purchasing truly green hydrogen.

Demand Forecasting with Data Analytics (Oracle Analytics Cloud)

Oracle Analytics Cloud can be used to predict and forecast demand for green hydrogen across different sectors. This data-driven approach can help companies in the green hydrogen ecosystem make informed decisions about resource allocation and investment. By understanding future demand, companies can ensure they have the capacity to meet market needs.

Project Management in the Cloud (Oracle Primavera Cloud)

Oracle Primavera Cloud offers a cloud-based project management solution that can facilitate efficient project management and collaboration within the green hydrogen ecosystem. This can help streamline communication, track project progress, and ensure all stakeholders are on the same page. Effective project management is crucial for the success of large-scale initiatives like the National Green Hydrogen Mission.


India’s recent focus on green hydrogen isn’t just a ripple in the energy pond, it’s a full-blown tsunami of change! This ambitious national mission aims to produce a staggering 5 million metric tonnes of this clean fuel annually by 2030, and it’s not just about ticking sustainability boxes. Green hydrogen has the potential to reshape entire industries, creating a cleaner, more prosperous future for India and beyond. The National Green Hydrogen Mission isn’t a solo act. It’s a platform for stakeholders like Oracle to leverage their technological expertise and join forces with the government, researchers, and businesses to overcome challenges and make this vision a reality.
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